We have a ton of raspberries growing in our woods (no sign of berries yet) and one patch was blocking sun from getting to the nettles we planted, so it was time to trim them back. I saved the leaves of the plants I trimmed and put them on the dehydrator so we have them for tea.
Raspberry leaf is generally known as a female tonic for menstrual cramps and during child birth, but some also say it is a mild and safe medicinal food which is also used to treat diarrhea, colds, and stomach complaints.
It is nice to be able to actually use a plant that gets trimmed back instead of just adding it to the compost. Hopefully the nettles will grow larger with the extra sun they will now be getting. And hopefully some of the raspberry plants will actually bear some fruit!
After moving to our new home, we had planned to just spend the year observing the nearly three acres of land before breaking out the shovels and digging more gardens. Observe, take notes, work on the permaculture design for the property, and then get digging late fall or next spring.
The previous owners had already put in thousands of square feet of gardens, but they are mainly ornamental, with some edibles like chives and garlic mixed in, as well as some plants with medicinal value. Since we do want to keep the existing gardens pretty much as they are, adding new gardens for vegetables, culinary herbs and medicinal plants is the next step for us.
So, back to that idea of taking the year to observe before doing anything… well, we are itching to start (vegetable) gardening! We are doing a CSA this year with Wright Way Farm, but it is just too hard to go a year without having our own garden. After I spent a day mapping the sun and shade in the yard, Jessica & I decided on a couple spots where we could enlarge existing garden beds to at least get ready for fall crops. Time to start digging!
When we moved from Colorado back to Wisconsin there were some medicinal plants we were going to miss. Osha (Ligusticum porteri) was one of the more unique and special plants. Osha primarily grows in the Rocky Mountains between 7,000 and 10,000 feet in aspen groves. Being elevation challenged here in Wisconsin we figured it wouldn’t be possible to grow it here.
Jessica had a few seeds she brought with her when we left Colorado and decided to plant them at our old house in Kenosha last year. Since it is a sacred plant, it was more of a sort of blessing for our house.
The other day we were at the old house doing one last cleaning before it sold and Jessica found that the Osha had sprouted next to an ornamental evergreen shrub! What timing! We carefully dug it up to bring with us to the new house. (We figured the new owner would think it was a weed and pull it out anyway.)
It will be interesting to see how the osha does here at around 700 feet elevation as opposed to 7,000. We hope it makes it and produced seed so we can start more plants and have yet another at-risk plant growing on our land. I’ll keep you posted!
Today was a really good day for Jessica & I to get out and check out plants for foraging. First we hiked at a weird little park and found a large number of wild edibles. Then we returned to our new house to meet the previous owner who was going to give us a tour of all the plants she had planted in the various gardens here. A large number are ornamental perennials, but every now and then she mentioned a plant which was edible, or medicinal. Some of these we already identified, others were a nice surprise.
Jessica made a list of everything, but the edibles which I recall off the top of my head are: serviceberry, sand cherry, solomon seal, false solomon seal, various chives, garlic, and allium, wild raspberry, wild strawberry, sumac, spring beauty, ramps (in the woods), and possibly trout lily. She also pointed out areas where field mushrooms often grow.
While we still have plans for traditional annual vegetable, herb gardens, and a modest greenhouse, we really look forward to increasing the perennial wild edibles and medicinals which would grow natively to this area.
Today Jessica and I had to say goodbye to our beloved kitty, Kathy the cat. She was 20 years old and lived a good life. We loved her much, will miss her greatly, and will always be in our memories. We are grateful she was able to enjoy our new house a bit, and even got to see the duck trying to get in the window! She rests at the edge of our woods under towering spruce where her spirit can chase the bunnies who live there. She will live on in the catnip we planted on her resting place.
We are having fun watching all the plants come up in the gardens and woods at our new house. While the previous owner had planted a lot of purely ornamental varieties, we are finding several which are also medicinal.
Yesterday I identified the flower in the photo above as Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis). Jessica also identified Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) and Trillium (exact variety not determined yet). Both Bloodroot and Trillium are listed as at-risk medicinal plants with United Plant Savers, so we are even more excited to know that we are helping to save these plants.
Recent rain storms had raised the water level in our pond by at least a foot, and filled the wetland designated areas. With that additional water in areas of the woods I haven’t been back there to check and see what plants are coming up in the woodland.
We also transplanted some Catnip (Nepeta cataria) and Stinging Nettles (Urtica Dioica) from the yard at the old house. We also seeded Ramps (Allium tricoccum) in a small section of our woods. It is possible that ramps are already growing in the woods here, but since the wetland survey didn’t list them, we wanted to get some started just in case.
United Plant Savers have added Ramps to their “To Watch” list because they have the potential to become “At-risk” due to over harvesting. With ramps having become the new hip wild food for chefs and at ramps festivals, over-harvesting could wipe out ramp populations. Ramps take 5 to 7 years to produce seed, and then the seeds take 6 to 18 months to germinate.
Our plan is to mainly observe the land this year before starting any serious permaculture designs, but we’ll probably plant a few things. Extending one of the garden beds to make a small kitchen garden is on the to-do list.